Biology is one of the biggest branches of natural science. It deals with studying living organisms and how they function, grow, where they originated, and how they evolved. Some of the more popular disciplines in biology are:
Botany is the scientific study of plants or plant lifes and covers areas of studies such as plant growth, metabolism, structure, and reproduction to name a few. This branch of science began with how early humans have to identify which plants are edible, medicinal, and poisonous.
Medicine is the science of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. It is further subdivided into different areas such as cardiology, neurology, paediatrics, pathology, and more.
Zoology studies the behaviour, physiology, structure, classification, and distribution of animal life in a particular region or geological period.
Chemistry deals with the study of properties and the interactions of substances that compose matter. This branch of natural science is further classified into various disciplines such as organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry.
Physics from the Greek word ‘physis,’ is the science of studying the nature and properties of matter and energy. It is concerned with how the universe behaves through the general analysis of nature.
Earth Science or geosciences is an all encompassing term for all sciences related to planet Earth. With Earth being a life-bearing planet, there are two approaches to this area of discipline: the holistic and reductionist.